Mauna Kea is the highest volcano in Hawaii. In this article, we will learn more about “Mauna Kea is the highest volcano in Hawaii.” So, let us go deep into the volcano to find something hot.
Mauna Kea is the highest volcano in Hawaii: The Highest
It has an elevation of 4,205 m (13,796 ft.) above sea level. However, when the inactive volcano is measured from its base on the ocean floor, it has a height of 9,800 m (32,000 ft.). That means if the base of Mauna Kea was at sea level, the mountain would be taller than the Mount Everest, the highest peak in the world at the height of 8,850 m (29,035 ft.).
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Mauna Kea is the highest volcano in Hawaii: About the Volcano
There is much to state about the volcano:
- The slopes of Mauna Kea are generally snow-covered in winter.
- Mauna Kea is about two million years old. It has passed the most active shield stage of life hundreds of thousands of years ago.
- In its current post-shield state, its lava is more viscous, resulting in a steeper profile.
Late volcanism has also given it a much smoother appearance than its neighbouring volcanoes:
- Contributing factors include the construction of cinder cones.
- The decentralization of its rift zones.
- The glaciation on its peak, and
- The weathering effects of the prevailing trade winds.
- As per the observations, Mauna Kea last erupted 4,600 years ago. It can be considered as the dormant shield volcano which is what commonly called the “post shield” state.
- According to the United Nations Geological Survey (USGS), as of January 2012, the Volcanic-Alert Level of Mauna Kea is “Normal”.
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Mauna Kea is the highest volcano in Hawaii: Observatory?
- Mauna Kea’s summit is one of the best sites in the world for astronomical observation. It is due to its high altitude, dry environment, and stable airflow.
- The mountain is home to the world’s most powerful telescopes and astronomical observatories. This also includes the “Keck Telescope”, known for comprising the world’s largest mirror.
- The Mauna Kea Observatories are home to 20 telescopes. These are sponsored by many nations and used for scientific research across the electromagnetic spectrum. They comprise one of the world’s largest facilities of their type.
Mauna Kea is the highest volcano in Hawaii: Associated facts
- To locals, Mauna Kea is well known as a great place for skiing and snowboarding and they had named it “White Mountain”.
Also, as there is a road leading up to it, many people travel to the mountain every winter as it has snow at its summit.
- Mauna Kea is home to many rare and endangered flora and fauna.
The Wēkiu bug, the Palila (a rare bird) and the Mauna Kea Silversword are just to name a few.
- The construction of the observatories on a “sacred landscape”, replete with endangered species and on-going cultural practices, continues to be a topic of debate and protest.
- Studies are underway to determine the effect of the construction of these large observatories on the summit ecology, particularly on the rare Wēkiu bug.
- The volcano continues to slip and flatten under its own weight at a rate of less than 0.2 mm (0.01 in) per year.
Your turn on Mauna Kea is the highest volcano in Hawaii
Have you ever had an idea about the volcano in Hawaii? Or have you ever gave it a thought that any mountain can be taller than the Mount Everest? Please let me know about what you think after reading this article. The valuable comments are always welcome.